' The energy is the cause and the effect of the development. If it has possibility of it to lack, does not have investment nor growth. The growth nothing more is of what the energy transformed into goods and services ' '. Dolphin Grandson As if knows, the ambientalista James Lovelock was who created the Gaia theory, demonstrating that the Land is an alive organism and that the ambient aggressions of a side harm all. Then, James Lovelock is in favor of the nuclear energy.
now? With the purpose to diversify its energy matrix and to guarantee supplying of electric energy to the center-south of the country, Brazil decided to enter in the age of the nuclear energy in 1968. Cove 1 and 2 is functioning. Cove 3 in construction, some other plants are projected. Nuclear energy remembers Hiroshima and Nakasaki, remembers Chernobyl. now this catastrophe in the Japan, that joined earthquakes the tidal wave and nuclear emptying. What we go to make not to live to the light of candles? How to conciliate our necessities of development with the security of living? Let us see some concerns of the citizen of century XXI. 1.Ns we want to breathe pure air. 2.Ns we do not want global heating.
3.Ns we do not want climatic disasters. The nuclear energy, today, prevents the emission of some billions of tons of carbon monoxide in the atmosphere. In next the 50 years, the planet will be able to have for return of 10 billion inhabitants. This population, allied explosion to the economic growth, will increase the demand for energy drastically. If the oil will not be substituted by clean energies, will be suffocated. 4.Ns we want suppliment sources that are not depleted. 5.Ns we need to preserve the oil for nobler uses. To burn the oil in termeltricas, for example, means to reduce its use in petrochemical and the fertilizer production, being harmed our agriculture, source of feeding.
The lixo is an inadequate form of deposition end of the residues, consists of its ousting the opened sky, without measures of protection to the environment and the health, provoking the indiscriminate degradation of the nature. Others including Drew Houston, offer their opinions as well. The proliferation of vectors of illnesses, generation of bad odors and mainly pollution of the ground and superficial and underground waters for the chorume. The collapse of the ambient sanitation in Brazil arrives the insuportveis levels. Moreover, the knowledge lack technician who together makes possible the treatment and the disposal of urban solid residues of correct form with the had explanations on each type of treatment and its implantation. The solid residues are called garbage, being considered by the generators as something useless, undesirable or dismissable, composes the remaining portions of the activities human beings. Generally they are classified how much to the origin, chemical composition, presence of humidity and toxicity. (I flow, 2005).
In the classification how much to the origin, the garbage can be domiciliary, commercial, hospital, industrial, agricultural public, or to be a rubbish of responsibility of the generator. 5. REFERENCIAL TERICO-METODOLGICO the first Conference of United Nations for the environment, carried through in Estocolmo, Sweden, in 1972, dealt with to the Ambient Education and the relations between development and environment. The Ambient Education was defined in the Conference of Tibilise, the Gergia, in 1977, as a permanent process, in which the individual and the communities start to have knowledge of the environment, form to become it apt to act, individual or collectively and to decide ambient problems. Some years later, in 1992, the Conference of United Nations on Environment and Development, known as River (ONU, 2000), revisited the document of Tbilisi for the ambient education, retaking, recontextualizando and extending principles and recommendations. In Agenda 21, special in the CAP. 36, we find three axles of organization of the ambient education in level the International: reorientation of education for the sustainable development, increase of the public conscience and promotion of the training.
The serious ambient problems are caused by the proper economic model adopted by the capitalist system, due to relation of superiority and domain that the man comes keeping on the environment. Of this anthropocentric relation, the environment passed to be degraded, for the deforestation, the incorrect use of the ground, for the exploration of the resources not-renewed, etc. These are some examples that had provoked and provoke this degradation, that direct or indirectly affects the balance of the system, that need these resources for the support of the life in the planet. Valley to the penalty to point out that the ambient principles in the Federal Constitution of 1988 had only recently been enclosed, considering Right Ambient as being a collective good. In this article it was looked to establish a general and historical panorama of the ambient questions in Brazil and the world. In the environment of the cities, they are great, average or small, the school are considered the first one, in many cases, the only one media, transmission of information of the place. This Institution of education is responsible beyond the proper education of the individual as well as for the one of the Society, that is, it is necessary that it has the view of information in this context so that has interconnections between the constituent elements of this relation. The relationship of the humanity with the nature, that had beginning with a minimum of interference in ecosystems, has today culminated in one strong pressure exerted on the natural resources. Currently, the contamination of the water courses, the atmospheric pollution, the devastao of the forests, the indiscriminate hunting and the same reduction are common or faunsticos destruction of the habitat, beyond many other forms of aggression to the environment. Inside of this context, the necessity to change the behavior of the man in relation to the nature is clear, in the direction to promote under a model of sustainable development (process that assures a responsible management of the resources of the form planet to preserve the interests of future generations e, at the same time to take care of the necessities of the current generations), the compatibilizao of practical economic and conservacionistas, with evidentes positive consequences next to the quality of life of all.
Much is said on as to preserve the nature and its natural resources you renewed or not, and what it comes immediately in our mind it is the combat to the deforestation, water economy, energy and control of pollution of air. Everything this is correct and is important terms this mentality, but a form exists to preserve the environment that little is knew and commented by the humanity, who is to prevent ‘ ‘ consumismo’ ‘ this practises generally is hidden for behind of the campaigns of marketing and the human desire consuming each time more, without the concern of the real necessity to possess that one or another product, therefore daily we are bombed by innumerable offers tempting of all the types of utilities and products that make in them to buy for impulse. To consume is necessary, therefore we have necessity and is this that puts into motion the economy. Our fight as ambientalistas is not against the consumption and yes the consumerism, that nothing more is that the acquisition of some good or product without terms the real necessity to possess it, what it sends in them to the heading. Ambientalismo versus.
Consumerism. A well typical example of the consequences that the consumerism can bring for the planet is the deforestation. It if of the one in virtue of the disordered growth of the cities, also for the expansion of the cattle agriculture and, the necessity of the plantation of destined trees the cellulose industries among others forms. All these processes would not have forts impacts to the environment, if the amount of trees knocked down for such activities, being that many of them are knocked down by the factor consumerism, was replantado in proportional form in deforested areas already, thus making a balance of sustainable form, balance this that not he is being made for the man currently. Then we go for me the news the result of the unnecessary consumption. For each product manufactured in our planet it causes an extration of substance cousin of the environment, for each extration generates aggression or some type of ambient impact, in the moment where this product already is not more necessary or leaves to have utility for we, has another impact again, the discarding of the same to the environment in garbage form or I inhabit solid. How to fight this badly? Very simple, the wakening of the ecological sense in the people and old common-sense, that if must have at the moment to acquire a product, are very efficient ambient methods of preservation, that they not only make well to the environment, but also to its pocket. It thinks about this!