At all times the activity of each person is inextricably linked to his home, in not depending on the particular mentality and nature of work. Dropbox often says this. We work for the benefit of their concerns and needs, but as it were, then, neither had to hurry back to where we are waiting for the warmth and comfort of a home: Whether, then a house or apartment, we need to have a private space. Each of us affects and modifies it to repairing or finishing the interior. Desire for change is a movement to ways for the better. The modern trend in this direction based on professional approach, in other words: a qualitative result renovated apartment or room in most cases rely on experts. Many companies provides services of such professionals with guaranteed results on terms favorable to client's circumstances.
Willingness to cooperate forcing market participants to adapt to changing conditions. Literate entrepreneur does not let go just call in his client's office, and try to offer a maximum of their abilities and provide guidance to clients in pricing calculations. Finishing works are carried out only quality of materials known manufacturers and brands with supporting quality certificates. Everyone knows that the quality of the materials depends on continued strength, durability and beauty of design. All materials are bought in a shop, market or through the Internet should definitely check for compliance with safety standards and state standards.
I say this as someone actually the victim of substandard building materials. I razdushilsya basement garage because of the low-quality cement used to prepare concrete for pouring the foundation. I want to give a special place in the material electrical work. Electrical installation at your facility for frequent is spontaneous, many do not realize the dangers that can lie in wait. I will try to warn you and will start with the design of power supply. Draft electricians must be made in the design studio and not as often a grandmother in the kitchen. After manufacturing, the project should be coordinated with Rostekhnadzor and retailing companies, and only then, the sheets of drawing paper with pictures go to the category of document requirements which must be followed. This is due to the fact that the draft accurately calculated the cross section of wires and cables, the currents of circuit breakers and protective measures, depending on the selected power and load. And this more! Little to do and agree on a draft, you need to be able to competently read it and qualitatively perform electrical work. We'll discuss this with you in the next article.
On embodiment of wiring is divided into open and hidden. Educate yourself with thoughts from Dropbox. In the accommodation is used under plaster, and in the offices or premises open wiring. In this article, for anyone who decided to change old wiring to new or installation from scratch, we consider the basic rules and requirements for installation flush. There are two ways of wiring installation – it repairs the old wiring and installation of electric zero. Before starting the repair and installation to select an electric wire.
The cable is preferably selected with a copper cross-section, as copper, unlike aluminum, has a better tokoprovodimost. To illuminate the room, we can use copper cables with cross section 1, 5×2, which is designed for a current 16A and 10A circuit breaker. Cable cross section 2, 5×2 needed to install the sockets on the current 25A and 16A circuit breaker. When repairing an old wiring it is useful to strengthen the weakened contacts outlets and switches, or replace them with new ones. If necessary, change the damaged area of wires between the junction boxes and mortgages boxes, switches and sockets. At zero installation is recommended for the wiring layout and locations of their rotations. To avoid damage when drilling and nailing, the channels for wires made by stretching two lines – vertical and horizontal. The vertical line wiring should be removed from the corners of rooms, window and door openings are not less than 100 mm in the horizontal of at least 60-100 mm of the beams and eaves, at 150-400 mm from Ceiling and 300-400 mm from the plinth, and their location must be known to you.
Channels betonokonstruktsy overlap or end with a jack sockets and switches. It is recommended to have switches at the entrance to room so that the doors are not overlapped, access, and the height of the switch from the floor shall be of 1, 50 m. Outlets are placed at locations expected to set a height of 40-70 cm from the floor. Further, the output nodes are formed pair wiring, which ends after soldering and insulation factory according to the box (podrazetniki). You have to know that it is prohibited to install outlets closer than 50 cm from the grounded device, such as dishwashers, shells, tubes, batteries, gas and electric. After this work Stroebe channels are sealed with cement or alabaster. The installation of the RCD or circuit breakers are best left to professionals. Will be optimal connection protection for each line, whereas in the case of short circuit turns off only the damaged line, but not all, not all electrical engineering.
The overall stability and rigidity of the spatial framework provided by the walls of stairwells. However, in this If on the frame of the first floor of a nine-house goes almost half of the metal needed for the whole house. Another high cost of the metal in the homes of more height. Design options at home with in-line and attached the first floor, designed in the early 80's. provides for the use of the built-in ground floor with a height of 3.3 m space for a small amount of public services. In built-on version of the built part is used for placement of auxiliary facilities. Arched openings in the transverse bearing walls provide the necessary pass-through connection. Attached rooms have interior and exterior panel walls.
Coverage of the suit large-size panels, including insulation and waterproofing done in the factory, = 15 m span without intermediate supports can accommodate a variety of business services. Corridor on the boundary of the bulk of the building and trading floor is used for transporting goods and the necessary linkages between the rooms. The main advantage of such a solution – the possibility of manufacturing and repair of structures on the ground floor by the same organizations that lead the construction of homes. Communication house pass through the first floor and are collected in technical underground, which eliminates the need for special technical floor, located above first. Enterprise Service erected simultaneously with the installation of a residential building. In comparison with the skeletal "table" is reduced by 20-25% of labor costs, a factor of 2 steel consumption by 25-30% consumption of concrete. When placing the homes on a limited area where there is no possibility to place adjoined object, you must find cost-effective solution that offers freedom of layout.
Can be adopted, for example, frame construction, is assembled from standard concrete elements and precast-monolithic slabs, formwork which are precast joists and exterior wall panel – precast-monolithic "table". The thickness of the monolithic plate "table" are estimated strength punching the concrete section above the columns. On this construction put any type of prefabricated house. Stability of buildings provide the lower floors of the teams diaphragm, combined with walls staircase-the lift of the block. Go to the skeletal system in the first floor panel houses somewhat reduces their technical and economic indicators. But the use of precast-monolithic "table" because of the universality and the absence of costs on special products for the transition structures and increasing the density of development makes a significant economic impact.