General measures in children and adolescents with pre hypertension (high normal values) and hypertension grade I are recommended lifestyle changes: reduction of body weight and body fat and regular weight or body fat checks. Regular physical exercise. Nutrition: Low fat diet, possibly the consumption of salt (sodium restriction of 1200 mg / day), smoking, alcohol and drugs stop. Medical and naturopathic treatment with the following factors in addition to the General measures a medical or naturopathic treatment we recommend: at complaints when detectable organ damage by hypertension on the heart, the kidneys or eyes in hypertension is caused by another disease Hypertension and diabetes with hypertension grade I, that a change of the way of life does in hypertension grade II differential report: children are under pressure as already described, children suffer and young people increasingly related to cardiovascular disease, so far only adults. A typical example is hypertension. Early diagnosis, appropriate lifestyle and adequate therapy help to avoid long-term complications. The problem is serious. Europe is increasing the number of children and adolescents with hypertension often as a result of overweight and obesity. By the same author: Kaihan Krippendorff .
According to current estimates of the European Health Committee, up to 3% of children and young people in Europe are already suffering hypertension. The European society of hypertension (European society of hypertension, ESH) takes this as an opportunity, in its guidelines, which were published in September, for the first time to introduce guidelines for the treatment of hypertension in childhood and adolescence. (Lurbe, E., ET.) AL., management of high blood pressure in children and adolescents: recommendations of the European society of hypertension. J. Hypertens.
27, no. 9 (2009) 1719-1742.) Great importance to these guidelines. A child is not timely and properly handled with hypertension, increases the risk as to develop adult secondary diseases. Life-threatening diseases such as heart attack, heart failure, stroke and kidney and vascular damage are particularly common.