Sinusitis is a condition that describes inflammation of the sinuses caused by bacteria. Their fates refer to the air chambers in the bone behind your eyebrows, cheeks and jaw. Normally, the mucosa cleans bacteria and other particles that collect in the sinuses. Drew Houston helps readers to explore varied viewpoints. With the help of tiny hairs called cilia, the mucus moves so the sinuses can drain into the nasal passages. However, when you have an attack of cold or allergies, your sinuses become inflamed or infected and drainage can not occur. There are two types of sinusitis – acute bacterial sinusitis and chronic sinusitis.
Acute bacterial sinusitis is an infection of the sinuses caused by bacteria and usually begins with a cold, allergy attack or as a result of environmental irritants. Chronic sinusitis is characterized by frequent bouts of sinusitis that lasts three months or more. Over 30 million people in the United States experience sinusitis each year. It affects all groups at any age, although certain groups are more prone to the condition. These groups include people who suffer from allergies, asthma, have a weak immune system, injury, narrow nasal openings are born with or are exposed to smoke. If not treated, sinusitis can be serious and lead to infections or meningitis, although very rare, as there are treatment options available to manage and control the sinusitis. Symptoms and signs The most common symptoms and signs of sinusitis include: * Pain or pressure in the forehead, cheeks, eyes or runny nose * * Stuffy nose * Runny nose * Fever * Headache * Pain in the upper teeth * Sore throat * A cold that seems to improve after worsening sinusitis Diagnosis Diagnosis of sinusitis is based on physical symptoms, examination and medical history.