In particular is used, firstly, a strategy overview in which therapist returns to the patient the information it provides in summary form so you feel understood. Likewise, the therapist seeks to constantly display an attitude of reflective listening, expressing the patient statements of appreciation and understanding about his problem with the goal that feels heard and understood and strengthen the therapeutic link as well. This attitude of understanding is carefully combined with indications related to the possibility of overcoming many of their problems through the abandonment of the consumption of alcohol.Alcoholism is linked with the denial of the problem by the patient and, as a consequence, the treatment starts by the recognition of the problem. It is advisable to convince the patient that is put in treatment when she is sober, not drunk. The biggest current problem in the treatment of alcoholism is not so much creating new therapeutic techniques how to design strategies of motivation for therapy.
When you get an excessive drinker to recognize their problem and put into treatment, the chances of recovery are reasonably high. According to Prochaska and DiClemente motivation for change as regards access by an alcoholic treatment consists of the following phases: a) lack of awareness of the problem, b) assessment of the problem, c) decision to change, d) home of the change, and e) maintenance of change. The achievement of small accomplishments at the beginning of the intervention is essential at the beginning of the treatment so the patient perceived that the beginning of the treatment has resulted in some change.(B) phase of detoxification. The goal is to eliminate physical dependence. It lasts between two and four weeks and she deletes syndrome withdrawal symptoms associated with alcoholism. This phase may develop outpatient provided that the patient has a good motivation for achieving abstinence and close family support to help during detoxification or internment regime when the patient has difficulties to achieve abstinence.